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Welcome to HC Link's blog! Our blog will provide you with useful information on healthy community topics, news, and resources, as well as information on HC Link’s events, activities, and resources. Our bloggers include HC Link staff and consultants, as well as our partnering organizations, clients, and experts in the health promotion field.

Please note: opinions in posts are those of the author and are not necessarily the opinions of HC Link or our funder.

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Connecting Through Stories: an exploration of relationships through art making and connection to the Land

 

An HC Link Regional Gathering: March 30, 2017
Baggage Building Arts Centre in Thunder Bay.

Written by Lorna McCue, HC Link/OHCC

Every two years, HC Link works with local community organizations and groups to plan and co-host regional gatherings across the province that respond to regional needs and issues. These gatherings support the development of cross-sectoral and diverse community partnerships by providing opportunities to engage stakeholders across the region in a community-building event.

In Thunder Bay, a connection was made by HC Link with Alana Forslund, Coordinator of the Community Arts & Heritage Project, which initiated a discussion about the role of the arts in a healthy community. She brought Carol Kajorinne, Public Programming Coordinator for the Art Galley of Thunder Bay into the conversation who, in turn, invited others to join in.

The gathering was co-sponsored by HC Link and the Thunder Bay Art Gallery, with the organizing group doing the bulk of the work to develop the program, promote it to prospective participants, recruit facilitators and procure the art materials.

Members of the regional gathering organizing group were:
• Lorna McCue, Ontario Healthy Communities, a member of HC Link
• Carol Kajorinne, Public Programming Coordinator, Art Galley of Thunder Bay
• Crystal Nielsen, Community Artist
• Michelle Richmond-Saravia, founder of beSuperior Consulting and representative of Thunder Bay Indigenous Friendship Centre’s Long Life Care Program
• Michelle Kolobutin, Community Clothing Assistance

In planning the gathering, the group agreed that racism against Indigenous people was a pressing issue in Thunder Bay, and felt there was a need for non-Indigenous people to gain a greater understanding of the historical impacts of colonization and residential schools. They saw the regional gathering as an opportunity to make a contribution to Article 63 of the Call to Actions contained in the Truth and Reconciliation Report, which calls for “building student capacity for intercultural understanding, empathy, and mutual respect”, and to Article 83, which calls for “a strategy for Indigenous and non-Indigenous artists to undertake collaborative projects and produce works that contribute to the reconciliation process”.

This event aimed to create intergenerational connections through art and story. It brought together more than 45 people, including about 20 Gr. 6 & 7 students from a neighbouring school, elders and seniors from the Thunder Bay Indigenous Friendship Centre and Community Clothing Assistance, college students, artists, storytellers, and other community members. People from different cultures, from ages twelve to people in their eighties, were engaged in a creative process that combined sharing their stories with a collaborative weaving project, with a focus on learning and growth.

The event began with an opening smudge ceremony, led by Elder Diane Michano-Richmond. Michelle Richmond Saravia, of beSuperior Consulting, shared a story of her journey and invited other to share their stories throughout the day. One elder reminisced about his negative experience at a residential school.

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Elder Diane Michano-Richmond    
Photo by Lorna McCue

Eleanor Albanese, a community-engaged artist, guided the collaborative weaving project. The participants were seated in groups of 6-8 around tables with a weaving frame and strips of cloth of a variety of colours and patterns. Eleanor laid out about a large number of pictures of a variety of subjects, such as people of different ages and races, different plants and animals and landscapes, along the windowsills that spanned the long room. She invited participants to go up, one table at a time, to view the pictures and select one to bring back to their table. Once seated again, they took turns explaining what they liked about the picture and what meaning it had for them. Many stories were shared in this way. Each person then took a marker and wrote meaningful words or drew a picture or symbol on a strip of cloth. They shared their words or symbols with others at their table, then, as a group, they worked on weaving the strips of cloth into the weaving frame.

 

 

 

 

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A weaving created by a group of elders. Photo by Michelle Richmond Savaria

The group took a break for lunch, which was catered by Fox on the Run, a locally owned restaurant and catering service. Managing the lunch service was challenging, due to the narrow shape of the somewhat overcrowded room and the diversity of the participants regarding mobility, dietary needs and cultural considerations. However, with several helping hands from students and other helpers it all worked out.

 

 

 

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Students explain the meaning of their weaving.  
Photo by Lorna McCue

When the groups completed their weavings, they showcased them at the front of the room and explained the meaning of some of the elements. There were many exclamations about the beauty of the weavings and a warm, positive mood was apparent at the close of the gathering.

 

 

 


Because of the diversity of the participants and varying literacy levels, it was decided not to have each participant complete an evaluation form, but to pose a series of reflective questions to the members of the organizing group. While there were some suggestions for improvements, all felt that the gathering was successful in meeting its objectives. As Eleanor Albanese said: “Community-engaged art making breaks down barriers of all kinds.” Other comments from the organization group included:


It was moving for me to see how people really did share their stories, and wove their stories together, both symbolically and literally.


For the seniors and Elders, it provided a creative and social opportunity. The youth had the opportunity to share and hear stories through art making as well as devour some nurturing food. I heard some profound stories come out of the youth! I feel that no matter the age, everyone had a valid and meaningful story to share.


For something like this to be successful, it takes a high level of experience in community-engaged arts and also cultural knowledge; it takes humility; it takes a group of people all working together with a common goal; it takes a spirit of helping each other and helping the participants feel both welcomed into a space and comfortable in the space; it takes hot tea and coffee, and food to share!  It takes courage and a positive view of the future, as well as acknowledgement of the pain of the past (in the instance of residential schools and our history.)   In other words, it takes tremendous thought and planning.  And even though things did not go perfectly, in my view, it was a special day.  And, of course, there is always room to grow and learn. 




For those interested in viewing the “Connecting Through Stories” weavings, they will be on exhibit at the Thunder Bay Art Gallery Community Room from May 9-24.

 

       

Thank you for your generous support throughout organizing this wonderful event. It’s been a pleasure working with you and OHCC/HC Link.

Carol Kajorinne and the Thunder Bay Art Gallery

       
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Discharge Planning in Hospitals: How can we improve?

By: Megan Ferguson BSW, RSW


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Discharge planning is a vital component of a patient’s hospital stay, it is the moment where the healthcare team connects patients and their close family members with integral resources so that they can receive follow up healthcare services in the community. However, as I am developing my career as a hospital social worker, I notice that in many hospitals social workers are tasked with both coordinating discharge planning and providing emotional support to patients and families (Mizrahi & Berger, 2001). However, within these two tasks, social workers perform multiple sub-tasks including 1) Assessing a family’s social situation, 2) Consulting with interdisciplinary team members about patient care planning, 3) Identifying the psychological, emotional, social or spiritual barriers that interfere with treatment or discharge planning, 4) Engaging in advocacy on behalf of patients and families, 5) Providing crisis and emotional counselling and/or intervention, 6) Counselling around end-of-life, grief and bereavement issues, 7) Counselling around suspected abuse, 8) Addressing substance misuse issues, as well as 10) Engaging in writing, teaching and research activities (Gregorian, 2005, p.4). Patients that are typically seen by social work are patients who lack social supports, need assistance with income, need assistance with locating accessible and stable housing and individuals who may struggle with addiction or mental health challenges. Social workers are also the core discharge planners and lead the team to transition patients back into the community with the resources and support that they require.

Although I quite enjoy my work as a hospital social worker, my experience as a frontline social worker has allowed me to understand the obstacles and limitations that social workers in health care have to face in order to advocate for their patients while following multiple policies, standards, and guidelines. Tensions exist between “advocacy and collaboration” as well as, “commitment to patients and the organization” (Mizrahi & Berger, 2001). I find it challenging at times to maintain provincial, and regional guidelines of social work, while also following the Canadian Association of Social Workers’ (CASW) Code of Ethics (2005) and Guidelines for Ethical Practice (2005). The health care system also requires social workers to abide with hospital patient flow and length of stay standards, which can also further complicate patient care when many social issues are prevalent. Within these challenges Dr. Anna Reid, Former President of Canadian Medical Association, stated that “An estimated one in every five dollars spent on health is directly attributable to the social determinants of health,” in her final address (Eggertson, 2013, p. E657). However, these social determinants of health bring forward multiple barriers. Some of the most prevalent barriers may include income, housing, and food insecurity, which is further maintained by oppression and discrimination against minority groups such as women and First Nations individuals (Raphael, Curry-Stevens, & Bryant, 2008). These barriers force social workers to advocate on behalf of patients and families in order to work towards change and make social and policy adjustments to empower patients to better their health and well-being.

Social workers have a very large role and this role may differ depending on the client, and the unit that a social worker is working on. Collaboration is also so important when working in healthcare, unlike other social services agencies where social workers may make up the majority of professionals working in that area (Gregorian, 2005). Instead, hospital social workers play a more consultative role where they aim to collaborate with many disciplines each day (Gregorian, 2005). However, more emphasis must be placed on the importance of collaboration and interdisciplinary teamwork in order to initiate better patient outcomes and eliminate the power struggle between healthcare disciplines.

As social workers, we often work in collaboration with community social services agencies such as income and housing government organization as well as nonprofit organizations that assist with mental health and addiction. However, not enough of these organizations exist and we must continue to support these agencies in order to have resources that community members can draw on in times of crisis.

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Megan Ferguson is a Master’s student in the School of Social Work at the University of Calgary. Megan holds a BSW as well with a Specialization in Aging. She also sits on the Board of Directors for A & O: Support Services for Older Adults. Megan currently works as a Social Worker for the Acquired Brain Rehabilitation Program and Stroke Rehabilitation Program at a hospital in Winnipeg.

References

CASW. (2005). Social work Code of Ethics. Ottawa: CASW.
CASW. (2005). Guidelines for Ethical Practice. Ottawa: CASW.
Eggertson, L. (2013). Health equity critical to transforming system, says outgoing CMA president. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 185(14), E657-E658, DOI: 10. 1503/cmaj.109-4588.
Gregorian, C. (2005). A career in hospital social work: Do you have what it takes?. Social Work in Healthcare, 40(3), 1-14. DOI: 10.1300/J010v40n03_01
Mizrahi, T. & Berger, C.S. (2001). Effect of a changing health care environment on social work leaders: obstacles and opportunities in hospital social work. Social Work, 46(2), 170-182
Raphael, D., Curry-Stevens, A. & Bryant, T. (2008). Barriers to addressing the social determinants of health: insights from the Canadian experience. Health Policy, 88(2-3). DOI: 0.1016/j.healthpol.2008.03.015

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Considering the effect of economically mixed communities on children’s wellbeing

By Kyley Alderson, HC Link

On Thursday last week, I listened to a 20 minute webcast presentation by Candice Odgers from Duke University, as part of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Researched (CIFAR) event titled “Building Neighborhoods that Thrive.” Candice shared a few study results on the impact of economically mixed communities on children with low-income, and left us with a few thoughts to consider for future work. Here were some highlights for me:

  • Using data from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, as well as community mapping, and resident surveys – they investigated the effect of living in an economically mixed community on a child’s wellbeing.

    • While there was not a statistical effect on girls, boys with low family income living in an economically mixed community (and presumably going to better schools) tended to have lower school performance and engage in more anti-social behaviour, compared to boys in a concentrated low-income neighborhood.

    • Results indicate it is not just about how much you have, but also how much you perceive you have – creating a double disadvantage for those who have less AND believe they have less in comparison to others. To this point, twins who come from the same household but perceive they have less compared to others, score lower on wellbeing than twins who perceive they have more.

    • High levels of collective efficacy in the community, as well as supportive parents, were protective factors to a child’s wellbeing (or factors that reduce disparities).

    • While this presentation did not get into details on this, factors such as perceived safety in an economically mixed community might play a role in the different effects observed between boys and girls on well-being.

Candice was very clear to say that this research does not indicate that communities should be segregated based on income, and mentioned that some efforts to create economically mixed communities have been very successful at reducing disparities. However, it is important to learn from the data and realize that if economically mixed communities are not properly supported, they may actually create more disparities.

One RECENT shocking example of the WRONG way to create such environments is a luxury residential building in Manhattan that created 55 low income units in their ritzy 33-story building. Upon moving in, residents that qualified for these low income units learned that they had a separate entrance to the building (including a separate address), were not permitted access to common areas in the building (such as the courtyard, pool, gyms, etc.) and lacked basic features to their room (such as light fixtures and a dishwasher).

snippetwebcastSnapshot taken of the live webcast.

Clearly this is no way to create a sense of belonging, or to engage with others in a safe and meaningful way. When efforts are made to create economically mixed communities (which has been one proposed way to improve the life outcomes of children growing up in poverty), or to look at reducing health disparities in existing mixed communities, we need to be very mindful of the potential consequences, and make sure that proper supports are in place to improve the well-being of all children (and adults).

For more information on this event and the presenters: https://www.cifar.ca/events/building-neighbourhoods-that-thrive/

 

 

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Just Add Bikes! How cycling can help build a healthy, vibrant community

By: Sue Shikaze, Health Promoter, Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge District Health Unit

“Every time I see an adult on a bicycle, I no longer despair for the future of the human race” H.G. Wells


While it might be a stretch to claim that the bicycle can solve all the ails of the world, it can certainly be one solution to many challenges facing communities today. Making communities bicycle-friendly and getting more people on bikes can address issues of public health, safety, air quality, and traffic congestion. Cycling is a healthy, economical and sustainable transportation option as well as an attractor for tourism and economic development. It is an important quality of life feature that many people look for when choosing where to live, work or play. Not everyone can afford a car or wants to drive and a good cycling environment offers more mobility options. And let’s not forget: cycling is fun!

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Biking attracts people and brings business to the community


Evidence indicates that there is demand and need for improved conditions for cycling in Ontario. A 2014 poll conducted by the Share the Road Cycling Coalition indicated that 32% of Ontarians cycle at least once a month and 54% of Ontarians said they would like to cycle more often. What would most encourage people to cycle more often is better infrastructure, such as bike lanes and trails.1 The Ontario Medical Association recognizes cycling as an important solution to help address rising rates of chronic diseases associated with physical inactivity. They advocate for better and safer infrastructure in urban, suburban and rural settings, and that, “much more must be done by provincial and municipal transportation departments to make this form of exercise safer.”2

So what does a bicycle-friendly community look like? Assessment of the cycling environment is typically done around the “5 E’s”: engineering, education, encouragement, enforcement and evaluation and planning. These indicators address the range of needs to accommodate cycling.

Engineering refers to on-the-ground facilities and infrastructure. Good cycling facilities are carefully planned, designed and maintained to accommodate bicycles safely, conveniently and comfortably. A well-planned cycling network has good connectivity between routes and destinations, as well as things like secure bike parking and bike racks on buses to provide inter-modal connections. Facilities could include on-road accommodations such as designated bike lanes, separated cycle tracks or paved shoulders, or off-road paths and trails. There are also innovative design treatments such as bike boxes, which provide a designated space for cyclists to wait at an intersection, separated from cars.

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Green bike lane being installed in Thunder Bay


Education needs to address both cyclists and motorists to ensure that they know how to safely share the road. The goal of public education programs is to increase the knowledge and awareness of all road users on their rights and responsibilities, as well as to build practical skills. Education initiatives can include cycling skills workshops, share the road campaigns and tip sheets.

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Share the road promotion – an example of education


Encouragement initiatives are intended to get more people on bikes and to normalize cycling as a viable activity for both transportation and recreation. While it may be true that “if you build it, they will come”, many people still need encouragement to get rolling. Encouragement includes promoting the benefits of cycling, and of places and opportunities to cycle. Initiatives such as the Commuter Challenge, Active and Safe Routes to School and SMART Trips give information and incentives to support and encourage people to cycle more often. Cycling maps, signage and clubs are also ways that communities encourage cycling.

Enforcement ensures that all road users follow the rules of the road and share the road safely. In addition to traditional methods such as issuing tickets and fines, enforcement can also include education and public relations programs that remind cyclists and motorists of their responsibilities under the law. Recent updates to the Highway Traffic Act are intended to improve safety for cyclists, including the requirement for motorists to leave at least 1 metre of space when passing a cyclist, increased fines for dooring a cyclist and increased fines for cyclists who don’t use lights when needed.

Evaluation and planning refers to having systems in place to evaluate current activities and programs, and planning for the future. Becoming a more bicycle-friendly community is a process that requires ongoing measurement and monitoring in order to identify and meet future needs. The amount of cycling taking place, rate of crashes, and economic impact are all aspects of tracking progress. The development of a Cycling Master Plan is a key tool for planning, implementation and evaluation.

Plus a ‘P’: Partnerships

Cycling has multiple benefits for communities and can help address many issues including health, economic development, environment, sustainability and equity. Potential partners who have an interest in cycling include municipalities, public health, law enforcement, schools, community organizations, cycling clubs and committees, workplaces, business community, tourism and economic development, trails and environmental groups. Different partners have different skills, knowledge and resources; no one group can do it completely on its own.

If you are looking for an opportunity to learn more about making your community bicycle-friendly, meet other like-minded professionals and find out about innovative cycling initiatives, consider attending the annual Ontario Bike Summit hosted by the Share the Road Cycling Coalition. It is THE premier cycling networking and professional development event in Ontario. Whether you are an advocate or elected official, a professional in planning, transportation, health, tourism or economic development, there is something for you at OBS to get informed and inspired.

The 9th annual Ontario Bike Summit takes place on April 11 & 12 at the Eaton Chelsea in Toronto. This year’s theme is “Just Add Bikes: The role of cycling in urban mobility and community building”. The agenda features speakers from across Ontario and North America who will share successes for building bicycle-friendly communities. Presentation themes will include advocacy best practices, risk management, complete streets implementation and more. You will also hear from municipal and provincial elected officials about why cycling matters to them. Keynote and workshop sessions are carefully curated by a panel of professionals with cycling expertise from across the province, and selected to create a program that features the most innovative, current, and state-of-the-art initiatives for cycling. Sessions address issues and opportunities that are most relevant to communities, from policy to implementation to evaluation.

The Ontario Bike Summit has put cycling firmly on the radar of decision-makers at all levels of government. Find the 2017 draft agenda, registration information and more details at http://www.sharetheroad.ca/ontario-bike-summit-p157286 

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Participants in the pre-summit bike tour led by the City of Toronto.

 

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About Share the Road:
The Share the Road Cycling Coalition is Ontario’s premier cycling advocacy organization working to build a bicycle-friendly Ontario – a place where a cyclist of any age or ability can ride safely, wherever they need to go. Share the Road works with municipal, provincial and federal governments, the business community, public health practitioners, road safety and other not-for-profit organizations to enhance access, improve safety and educate the public about the value and importance of safe cycling for healthy lifestyles and healthy communities. www.sharetheroad.ca

 

1 Share the Road Cycling Coalition, (March 2014), polling conducted by Stratcom Communications
2 Ontario Medical Association, (2011), Policy Paper: Enhancing Cycling Safety in Ontario.

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Walk and Roll: Making Active Transportation Work in Small, Rural Communities

By Sue Shikaze - Health Promoter, Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge District Health Unit

Active transportation (AT) refers to all human-powered forms of transportation, usually walking and cycling, but can also include wheelchairs, in-line skating, skateboarding, cross-country skiing, and even kayaking. It is any trip made for the purposes of getting to a particular destination - to work, to school, to the store or to visit friends.

Small, rural communities have different realities than their urban counterparts, especially when it comes to active transportation. Most have limited financial resources, but extensive road infrastructure to maintain. Rural geography generally means large distances and low density. The prevailing attitudes regarding transportation may be quite focused on cars. Finally, most evidence on AT is urban based, leaving a gap in knowledge.

But, implementation of AT initiatives is achievable in small rural communities!

In small, rural communities, AT can contribute to the community’s health by providing a way for people to build physical activity into their daily lives. But it is also an important economic development feature. Walkable and bikeable communities make great tourist destinations, and contribute to quality of life – important for attracting and retaining residents and businesses. Many studies also show that people tend to spend more money in a place that encourages walking. It’s important to also remember that many people do not or cannot drive due to age, disability, income. Therefore, making AT safe and accessible provides them with important transportation and mobility options.

Let’s take a look at what’s happening in one rural area. The County of Haliburton is located about 2 hours north of Toronto. It covers an area of approximately 4,500 sq km (it takes over an hour to drive east to west and north to south) and has a year round population of about 17,000 that more than triples in the summer. The county has a very high proportion of seniors. There are two main village hubs, Haliburton and Minden.

The Communities in Action Committee (CIA) www.communitiesinaction.ca is a community-based group that was formed in 2004, and includes representatives from public health, community economic development, community development planning, seniors, and county roads. The CIA promotes active transportation as a way to create a healthy, active community. They do this through activities that include advocacy, partnership building, planning and research, influencing policy, education and promotion, evaluation.

A primary focus of CIA has been to build partnerships with local municipalities, who play an important role in creating a healthy active community through creating supportive land use policies, implementing plans and on-the-ground changes. The CIA’s advocacy targets municipal elected officials and is intended to ‘make the case’ for and raise awareness of the benefits of investing in AT. They communicate regularly with councils through regular reports, updates and delegations, and engage them through events such as workshops and community walkabouts. The CIA has found that it has been important for them to learn about municipal priorities, and to frame their messages to address these as much as possible.

The CIA has done a great deal of community based research, with strategies that have included surveys, focus groups, observational studies and walk audits. This research has informed the development of AT plans for both Haliburton and Minden, which have been provided to municipalities as resources. These plans were developed by the CIA, rather than commissioned by the county or municipality, which is more typical. This provides a great example of how in a rural community, an external group can enhance municipal capacity.

In order to garner municipal support, it is important to build community support and awareness in order to demonstrate community interest in AT. The CIA’s promotional initiatives address AT in a rural area by focusing messaging on village ‘hubs’ rather than whole county. They developed a ‘doable’ AT message by acknowledging that people need to drive to town due to distance, but encouraging them to then park and walk once they got there. The CIA has developed maps and signs to encourage walking in town, and since 2009 has partnered with the County to promote share the road messages to motorists and cyclists.

So how has the community improved for AT?

The County and municipalities have made many infrastructure improvements that support AT. While the CIA doesn’t ‘do’ infrastructure, they do help build awareness and momentum for improvements, and sometimes help provide a vision. For example, in 2007, the CIA contracted a landscape architect to do illustrations for some key problem locations in Haliburton. The municipality later hired that same person to develop detailed plans for streetscape improvements in the Village. This work, completed in 2012, saw major improvements that were done in conjunction with Hydro One’s work to bury their lines. Two streets were entirely redone, including new curbing, sidewalks, decorative brickwork, bike racks, benches, pedestrian buildouts, tree plantings and new lighting.


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York St, Haliburton, before streetscape

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York St, Haliburton, after streetscape

In Minden, streetscape improvements included widening sidewalks, coloured concrete, and new planters. The Riverwalk trail was completed, including a new pedestrian bridge, shelters, benches and lighting. These changes have made the streets more aesthetically pleasing and safer for walking, as well as improved connectivity.

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Gull River, Minden, before Riverwalk

 

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Gull River, Minden, with Riverwalk and Logger’s Crossing pedestrian bridge

 

The County has been paving road shoulders on major road projects since 2008, with a total of about 65.5 km completed. Their 4-year Capital Works plan continues this work into the future. The CIA has strongly advocated for paved shoulders over the years.

The policy landscape has changed too. Prior to 2010 only one Official Plan (OP) referenced cycling. Now, all official plans have policies specific to cycling, active transportation, healthy communities, and walking. The CIA has provided policy recommendations during all OP reviews, which were sometimes added verbatim and other times captured ‘in spirit’.

Yes, change can happen! In 2004, active transportation was not part of anyone’s conversation, at a community or local government level. However, an evaluation conducted by the CIA in 2011 showed that there has been a cultural shift over time, and recognition of the benefits of AT, both in the community and among municipalities.

“The population is aging and so this (active transportation) has become an economic strategy for our municipality – making it a destination for retirees and creating places for walking has influenced our whole decision-making.”

“People now have a place to go to walk and they may even go further than they did before. Just having the infrastructure gets people out.”

The CIA continues to look for new ways to continue to improve conditions for active transportation. They recently did a temporary pop-up traffic calming demonstration, and are wrapping up a partnership project with Active Neighbourhoods Canada that looked at how a local road could be a more complete street.

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Traffic calming pop up Demonstration –  without

 

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Traffic calming pop up Demonstration – with

The CIA sees active transportation as a key element of a vibrant community that offers great quality of life for people of all ages and abilities, making it a great place to live, work, play, learn, visit and invest.

Some lessons learned by the CIA over the years include:

• Build partnerships with multiple sectors

• Public Health is a key partner

• Take evidence-informed action

• Relate the message to municipal priorities

• Work from the top down (e.g. influence policy) and bottom up (e.g. community awareness raising)

• Identify and promote a message realistic to rural communities

• Find opportunities to share and exchange knowledge

For more info on cycling in Haliburton County visit www.cyclehaliburton.ca

 

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